The 10 October explosions in Ankara and the 20 July blast in Suruc, respectively causing 102 and 33 fatalities, highlight the growing terrorist threat in Turkey. While Islamic State (IS) officials have not yet claimed responsibility for these attacks, investigations revealed that IS-linked militants hailing from the south-east cities of Gaziantep and Adiyaman were responsible for the two bombings. Opposition parties such as the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP) hold the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) responsible for the explosions, claiming that the AKP failed to enact the needed security measures to prevent the attacks.
Turkey’s security and stability have deteriorated since the July 2015 Suruc attack and subsequent security operations, instilling Islamist militant groups with the will and capability to carry out attacks. The AKP’s repeated dismissal of potential peace talks between the government and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) since July only further entrenches the Kurdish insurgency. Additionally, opposition parties now claim the AKP has used the ensuing instability for political expediency, positioning itself as the sole security actor capable of routing Turkey’s tripartite terror threat.
There are three main threat actors in Turkey employing terrorist-style tactics; Islamist militants with ties to Syria-based insurgent groups like IS, Kurdish insurgents associated to the PKK, and far-left radical groups.
Read the full report by our global analysts, reviewing the terrorist threat in Turkey and the current political situation.